Sunday, March 20, 2016

FDA-Approved Dyes - Are They Really Safe?




I prepared the following reply to a post by the FDA concerning dyes.  For your information, I am providing a link for each dye through Wikipedia and drugs.com (if used as an inactive ingredient):

FD&C Blue No. 1
Wikipedia: "It is a synthetic dye produced using aromatic hydrocarbons from petroleum." (Since I'm anaphylactic to petroleum/petrolatum, this is one dye I must avoid at all costs.) "It has the capacity for inducing allergic reactions in individuals with pre-existing moderate asthma. In 2003, the U.S. FDA issued a public health advisory to warn health care providers of the potential toxicity of this synthetic dye in enteral feeding  solutions." (This explains my acute respiratory distress.)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brilliant_Blue_FCF
http://www.drugs.com/inactive/fd-c-blue-no-1-244.html

FD&C Blue No. 2
Wikipedia: "However, the dye can cause a potentially dangerous increase in blood pressure in some cases." "Indigo carmine is harmful to the respiratory tract if inhaled. It is also an irritant to the skin and eyes. Proper laboratory cautions (lab coat, gloves, goggles) are advised."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigo_carmine
http://www.drugs.com/…/fd-c-blue-no-2-aluminium-lake-254.ht

FD&C Green No. 3
"Fast Green FCF is poorly absorbed by the intestines.[1] Its use as a food dye is prohibited in European Union and some other countries. It can be used for tinned green peas and other vegetables, jellies, sauces, fish, desserts, and dry bakery mixes at level of up to 100 mg/kg.[2] In the United States, Fast Green FCF is the least used of the seven main FDA approved dyes." "This substance has been found to have tumorigenic effects in experimental animals, as well as mutagenic effects in both experimental animals and humans. It furthermore risks irritation of eyes, skin, digestive tract, and respiratory tract in its undiluted form.[3]"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fast_Green_FCF
http://www.drugs.com/inactive/fd-c-green-no-3-252.html

Orange B
Wikipedia: "In 1978, the FDA proposed removing it from the list due to concerns about the presence of carcinogenic contaminants (specifically 2-Naphthylamine). The only supplier in the United States, the William J. Stange Company, subsequently stopped manufacturing it and it was never removed from the list.[2]"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_B

Citrus Red No. 2
Wikipedia: "Citrus Red 2 is listed by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a group 2B carcinogen, a substance "possibly carcinogenic to humans".[4]" "In the United States, Citrus Red 2 is sometimes used to color oranges. It is only permitted to be used on the peel. It is permitted when the fruit is intended to be eaten, but is not permitted when the fruit is intended or used for processing, for example to manufacture orange juice.[2] It is used on some oranges from the US state of Florida but is banned in the US states of California and Arizona. It has been linked to health risks in studies using rats and mice [5]"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citrus_Red_2

FD&C Red No. 3
Wikipedia: "As a result of efforts begun in the 1970s, in 1990 the U.S. FDA had instituted a partial ban on erythrosine, citing research that high doses have been found to cause cancer in rats.[6] In June 2008, the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) petitioned the FDA for a complete ban on erythrosine in the United States.[7]
A series of toxicology tests combined with a review of other reported studies concluded that erythrosine is non-genotoxic and the above-mentioned increase in tumors is caused by a non-genotoxic mechanism.[8]  A 1990 study concluded that "chronic erythrosine ingestion may promote thyroid tumor formation in rats via chronic stimulation of the thyroid by TSH." [9]"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erythrosine
http://www.drugs.com/inactive/fd-c-red-no-3-247.html

FD&C Red No. 40
Wikipedia: "The study found "a possible link between the consumption of these artificial colours and a sodium benzoate preservative and increased hyperactivity" in the children;[5][7] the advisory committee to the FSA that evaluated the study also determined that because of study limitations, the results could not be extrapolated to the general population, and further testing was recommended".[5]"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allura_Red_AC
http://www.drugs.com/inactive/fd-c-red-no-40-251.html

FD&C Yellow No. 5
Wikipedia: "Tartrazine appears to cause the most allergic and intolerance reactions of all the azo dyes, particularly among asthmatics and those with an aspirin intolerance.[8]"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tartrazine
http://www.drugs.com/inactive/fd-c-yellow-no-5-250.html

FD&C Yellow No. 6
Wikipedia: "The study found "a possible link between the consumption of these artificial colours and a sodium benzoate preservative and increased hyperactivity" in the children;[12][15] the advisory committee to the FSA that evaluated the study also determined that because of study limitations, the results could not be extrapolated to the general population, and further testing was recommended".[12]"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunset_Yellow_FCF
http://www.drugs.com/inactive/fd-c-yellow-no-6-249.html

FDA's original post:
https://www.facebook.com/FDA/posts/10153995418707299?notif_t=notify_me_page


Corn Allergy Advocacy/Resources
@CornAllergy911

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